Solvents are substances that can dissolve materials without reacting with them. The substance to be dissolved can be in a gaseous, liquid or solid state. In chemistry, a solution is a homogeneous mixture of at least two substances.
The liquid or solid solvent acts as the main component of the solution. The dissolved substance is distributed in the solvent in the form of molecules, atoms or ions.
The solvent can be separated from the solute again using various methods. The chemical structure of a solvent is essential for its solubility.
Solvents are better at dissolving substances that are structurally similar.
#1 Definition of solvent
Solvents are substances that can dissolve other substances without reacting with them.
#2 Meaning of the solvents
Solvents serve numerous purposes in industry. They are used for chemical production, cleaning or surface finishing. The following compounds are frequently used as solvents:
- Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons